Interphalangeal arthritis occurs in the fingers as a result of degenerative changes post traumatically, from chronic wear, or from underlying inflammatory conditions.
Interphalangeal arthritis occurs in the fingers as a result of degenerative changes post traumatically, from chronic wear, or from underlying inflammatory conditions. Over time, the cartilage wears down and the joint space narrows causing pain and swelling in the joint. Motion may be restricted and the patient may notice bony nodules surrounding the joint. Diagnosis may be made by x-ray that will show loss of joint space and may show osteophytes and joint degradation. If there is suspicion of an underlying systemic condition it may be necessary to order blood tests. Treatment will begin conservatively with rest, anti-inflammatories and possibly an intraarticular cortisone injection. If a patient’s pain persists despite conservative management, they may be a candidate for surgery. Refer to our “Procedures” section for more information on “Interphalangeal Fusion”.
Top left is an example of small finger PIP and DIP arthritis. On top right, patient is receiving an intraarticular cortisone injection under fluoroscopic guidance in our office to treat PIP arthritis.
Every patient receives an in-depth consultation to devise a treatment plan that is right for their problem. Our specialists prefer non-operative and non-invasive treatments whenever possible, including physical therapy, medications, and/or injections. When we require surgery, we will then use minimally invasive surgical techniques to fix your problem, whether it is fixing a broken bone or repairing a tendon. Our goal is always to get you back to living your life normally as soon as possible.