Interphalangeal arthritis occurs in the fingers as a result of degenerative changes post traumatically, chronic wear or underlying inflammatory conditions.
Interphalangeal arthritis occurs in the fingers as a result of degenerative changes post traumatically, chronic wear or underlying inflammatory conditions. Over time, the cartilage wears down and the joint space narrows causing pain and swelling in the joint. Motion may be restricted and the patient may notice bony nodules surrounding the joint. Diagnosis may be made by x-ray that will show loss of joint space and may show osteophytes and joint degradation. If there is suspicion of an underlying systemic condition, it may be necessary to order blood tests. Treatment will begin conservatively with rest, anti-inflammatories and possibly an intraarticular cortisone injection. If a patient’s pain persists despite conservative management, they may be a candidate for surgery. Refer to our “Procedures” section for more information on “Interphalangeal Fusion”.
Top left is an example of small finger PIP and DIP arthritis. On top right, patient is receiving an intraarticular cortisone injection under fluoroscopic guidance in our office to treat PIP arthritis.
As our patient, you will have an in-depth consultation with one of our doctors. We will create an individualized treatment plan together, tailored to your problem and lifestyle. Our doctors prefer non-invasive treatments whenever possible, including physical therapy and/or injections. If your problem ultimately does require surgery, our doctors prefer the least invasive surgical techniques possible. Our goals are the same as yours: to get you back to living your best life, pain free.